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Our directory of funded grants

254 result(s) found

Correction of Neuronal Function in Autism

Project Overview

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is rising dramatically on a yearly basis and new interventional strategies are required to treat ASDs and related disorders like Fragile X syndrome. Altered communication between brain cells may lead to the defects responsible for the features that …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Laurie Doering, McMaster University
Team Members:
  • Min Zhuo, University of Toronto
  • Ali Pejmun Haghighi, McGill University
  • David Nelson, Baylor College of Medicine

Cortical GABAergic interneurons migration impairment in genetic epileptic encephalopathies

Project Overview

This project aims at elucidating the roles of new candidate genes in brain development, particularly in the context of refractory paediatric epilepsies (epileptic encephalopathies) and co-morbid neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual deficiency.  Lara Eid is particularly inter…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Lara Eid, CHU-Saint Justine

CRF receptor-mediated sensitization of 5-HT2A receptor signalling

Project Overview

Anxiety and depression often present as co-morbid disorders and the expression and severity of these illnesses is commonly associated with stressful experiences. Both are widespread and serious disorders that affect the lives of 10-15% of Canadians for most of their lifetime. There are multiple pote…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Cornelia Walther, University of Western Ontario

Cyto-iGluSnFR: A glutamate biosensor platform for brain diseases

Project Overview

In the human brain and retina, the chemical glutamate is a very important messenger that carries information from one neuron to another. The levels of glutamate transmitted between neurons must be tightly controlled: too high and neurons die, too low and information is not communicated properly. In …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Don van Meyel, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre
Team Members:
  • Keith Murai, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre
  • Adriana Di Polo, CHUM Research Centre, University of Montréal
  • Tim Murphy, University of British Columbia

Deciphering eEF2K biological functions for therapeutic targeting of neural tumours

Project Overview

In childhood, medulloblastoma (a form of brain cancer) and neuroblastoma (a cancer that starts in the nerve cells) can be aggressive and hard to treat. Dr Poul Sorensen’s group is targeting what he believes is the Achilles heel of tumour cells: namely, how they adapt and survive under stress. He h…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Poul Sorensen, University of British Columbia

Decoding motor cortex circuit abnormalities at ALS onset through combined two-photon imaging in vivo and pharmacogenetics

Project Overview

ALS is a disease that is characterized by degeneration of both upper and lower motor neurons, and while a significant proportion of work has focused on motor neurons in the spinal cord, the motor cortex in the brain, where electrical signals to your muscles originate have clear, but poorly understoo…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Lisa Topolnik,

    CHUL, Université Laval

Decoding the RNA stability programs that determine cell identity and function in human brain and neurodegenerative disorders

Project Overview

The brain cells in Alzheimer’s disease patients differ extensively from healthy brain cells at the molecular level: there are hundreds of genes that are normally active in the brain, but become inactive in Alzheimer’s. Similarly, Alzheimer’s disease appears to turn on hundreds of genes that ar…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Hamed Najafabadi, McGill University

Defining conserved functions of RNA binding proteins in stress-granule biogenesis

Project Overview

RNA is a mobile form of genetic information that is made from our DNA and its complex regulation is extremely important to the proper functioning of our cells. Since the discovery of TDP-43 in 2006 as a substance that plays a major role in ALS, the hypothesis that abnormal regulation of RNA is criti…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Eric Lecuyer, Institut de Recherches Cliniques de Montréal, Université de Montréal

Detection of misfolded TDP-43 in CSF of ALS cases: Diagnostic potential of confirmation-specific antibodies

Project Overview

A more streamlined way to diagnose ALS earlier is desperately needed as current methods can take up to two years and rely heavily on ruling out other conditions that share similar symptoms. One of the hallmarks of ALS for 97 per cent of cases is the accumulation of misfolded TDP-43 protein in motor …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Yulong Sun, University Health Network (University of Toronto)

Development and validation of reagent kits for commercial high-throughput screening of PPI s and PPI inhibitors

Project Overview

Membrane proteins, which make up approximately one-third of all proteins in a cell, are responsible for a variety of processes, making them attractive therapeutic targets for many diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, neurological disorders and cancer. Understanding membrane protein function depe…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Igor Stagljar, University of Toronto

Development of novel oligonucleotide delivery modalities for Huntington disease

Project Overview

Huntington disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease that affects approximately 1 in 7500 individuals in the Western world. The cause of HD is a mutation in one copy of the HTT gene, which produces the toxic mutant huntingtin protein responsible for the brain cell loss associated with t…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Blair Leavitt, University of British Columbia
Team Members:
  • Danica Stanimirovic, National Research Council of Canada
  • Abedelnasser Abulrob, National Research Council of Canada
  • Jodi McBride, Oregon Health and Science University

Developmental origins of stress and self-regulation and implications for interventions to improve childhood behavior

Project Overview

Dr.  Neuenschwander’s research aims to explore how exposure to stress during pregnancy affects children’s development, specifically in relation to children whose mothers were depressed and/or on antidepressants during pregnancy. She is examining whether or not these children have problems later…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Regula Neuenschwander, Child & Family Research Institute

Discovery of Therapeutic Targets for FUS- and TDP43-Dependent Forms of ALS

Project Overview

The four most commonly studied ALS proteins are SOD1, TDP-43, FUS and C9ORF72. Of these, TDP-43 and FUS have the most in common. Not only do they share similar functions inside cells, but in motor neurons of people with ALS, they both accumulate in clumps outside of the area where they are supposed …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Peter St. George-Hyslop, University of Toronto
Team Members:
  • Mei Zhen, Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinani Hospital
  • Peter Roy, University of Toronto
  • Ben Wolozin, Boston University
  • Clemens Kaminski, University of Cambridge

Discovery of transcriptomic biomarkers and epigenetic therapeutic targets for c9ALS and sALS

Project Overview

Dr. Belzil began her research career as a PhD student at the Université de Montréal under the guidance of world renowned geneticist and Director of the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Dr. Guy Rouleau. During this time, Dr. Belzil pursued a better understanding of the genetics behind …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Veronique Belzil, Mayo Clinic

Dissecting acetylcholine/glutamate co-transmission in the striatum: importance of individual neurotransmitter in addiction and movement disorders

Project Overview

Parkinson’s disease and addiction have tremendous human and economical costs for our society. The secret to understand these pathologies lies in unravelling the functioning of a specific brain region named striatum. The striatum regulates several behavioural outputs that are affected in Parkinson…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Salah El Mestikawy, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
Team Members:
  • Vania Prado, University of Western Ontario
  • Marco Prado, University of Western Ontario

Distinct neuro-immune interactions drive sex differences  in chronic pain

Project Overview

One of the most important advances in our understanding of chronic pain over the last decade or so is the realization that neurons are not the only cells in the central nervous system participating in the processing of pain signals. Immune-like “glial” cells (especially microglia and astrocytes)…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Jeffrey Mogil, McGill University
Team Members:
  • Michael Salter, The Hospital for Sick Children
  • Yves De Koninck, Université Laval
  • Jason Lerch, University of Toronto

DNA methylation signatures in a rat model of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Project Overview

Prenatal alcohol exposure can result in abnormal brain development, causing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which is linked to a number of cognitive, behavioural, and immune deficits that last across the lifetime. Although the lasting effects of alcohol on development are well studied, the m…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Alexandre Lussier, University of British Columbia

Does rehabilitation improve brain structure/function and motor outcomes of children with developmental coordination disorder?

Project Overview

Ms. Izadi-Najafabadi’s research focuses on the effect of Cognitive Orientation to Occupational Performance (CO-OP)—the current best-practiced intervention for children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)—on their structural and functional brain connectivity. This study also explores…

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Principal Investigator:
  • Sara Izadi-Najafabadi, Brain Research Centre, University of British Columbia

Douglas-Bell Canada Brain Bank, an essential platform for brain research in Canada

Project Overview

The Douglas-Bell Canada Brain Bank (DBCBB) houses and manages over 3,000 brains, as well as a large relational database containing demographic, clinical and developmental histories from the donors. The DBCBB is one of the rare brain banks in the world to collect brains from people who suffered from …

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Principal Investigator:
  • Gustavo Turecki, Douglas Hospital Research Centre
Team Members:
  • Naguib Mechawar, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Michael J. Meaney, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Guy Rouleau, Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
  • Michael Kobor, University of British Columbia
  • Martin Alda, Dalhousie University
  • Paul R. Albert, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
  • Cathy Barr, Toronto Western Hospital
  • Darrell Mousseau, University of Saskatchewan
  • Satyabrata Kar, University of Alberta
  • Shimon Amir, Concordia University
  • Ana Andreazza, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Gilbert Bernier, Research Centre, Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital
  • Diane Boivin, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Bernard Brais, Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
  • Nicolas Cermakian, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Balu Chakravarthy, Carleton University
  • Cletus D’Souza, BC Cancer Agency
  • Salah El Mestikawy, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Carl Ernst, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Ken Evans, Queen's University
  • Harriet Feilotter, Queen's University
  • Nicolas Flamand, Institut Universitaire de Cardiologie et Pneumologie de Quebec, Laval University
  • Cecilia Flores, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • David Fortin, Université de Sherbrooke
  • Edith Hamel, Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
  • Michael R. Hayden, University of British Columbia
  • Sébastien Hébert, CHUQ Research Centre, Laval University
  • Martin Hirst, BC Cancer Agency
  • Jack Jhamandas, University of Alberta
  • Sidney H. Kennedy, University Health Network
  • Christine Lavoie, Université de Sherbrooke
  • Marco Marra, BC Cancer Agency
  • Anne McKinney, McGill University
  • Daniel Mueller, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  • Gerhard Multhaup, McGill University
  • Lisa Münter, McGill University
  • Art Petronis, University of Toronto/CAMH
  • Bruce Pike, Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
  • Judes Poirier, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Alexandre Prat, CHUM Research Centre, University of Montréal
  • Rémi Quirion, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Pedro Rosa-Neto, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Xavier Roucou, Université de Sherbrooke
  • Elizabeth Simpson, University of British Columbia
  • Abbas Sadikot, Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
  • Lalit Srivastava, Douglas Mental Health University Institute
  • Moshe Szyf, McGill University
  • Derek van der Kooy, University of Toronto
  • Christine Vande Velde, Université de Montréal
  • Lan Xiong, CHUM Research Centre, University of Montréal
  • L. Trevor Young, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health